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Author :

Ampcome CEO
Mohamed Sarfraz Nawaz
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Mohamed Sarfraz Nawaz is the CEO and founder of Ampcome, which is at the forefront of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Development. Nawaz's passion for technology is matched by his commitment to creating solutions that drive real-world results. Under his leadership, Ampcome's team of talented engineers and developers craft innovative IT solutions that empower businesses to thrive in the ever-evolving technological landscape.Ampcome's success is a testament to Nawaz's dedication to excellence and his unwavering belief in the transformative power of technology.

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AI solutions
Information on on-device fine-tuning and MIT's PockEngine training method. background image

What you need to know about on-device fine-tuning and MIT's PockEngine training method?

On-device fine-tuning refers to a machine learning technique where a pre-trained model is further trained or adapted on a specific device, such as a smartphone, rather than relying solely on centralized servers.
A chart of Information on on-device fine-tuning and MIT's PockEngine training method.


From smartphones to IoT devices, the quest for seamless, tailored interactions often clashes with a pressing concern: privacy and data security.

The conventional approach of relying solely on centralized servers for AI processing poses challenges regarding privacy breaches and latency in delivering personalized experiences.

Enter on-device fine-tuning, a transformative solution that addresses this modern-day dilemma. This technique revolutionizes AI by empowering devices to adapt and learn directly from their users' interactions, preferences, and contexts.

It’s the missing puzzle piece in crafting AI experiences that are not just intelligent but also deeply personalized without compromising user privacy.

In this blog, we delve into the intricacies of on-device fine-tuning: what it is, why it matters, and how it stands as a beacon of hope in reconciling the dichotomy between personalized AI and user privacy.

What is on-device fine-tuning?

On-device fine-tuning refers to a machine learning technique where a pre-trained model is further trained or adapted on a specific device, such as a smartphone or a specialized hardware unit, rather than relying solely on centralized servers or powerful computing systems.

This process involves taking a pre-trained model (which has already learned from vast amounts of data) and continuing the training using device-specific or domain-specific data. This allows the model to adapt to nuances, patterns, or preferences specific to the device or the user's context.

On-device fine-tuning involves a process that typically follows these steps:

Pre-trained Model Selection: Start with a pre-trained model that has been trained on a large dataset. This model usually has a good understanding of general patterns and features.

Data Collection: Gather data that is specific to the device or the user's context. This data might be user interactions, preferences, or domain-specific information.

Model Adaptation: Utilize the collected data to fine-tune the pre-trained model. This involves a form of training, often using techniques like transfer learning or incremental learning. During this phase, the model is adjusted or re-trained to better fit the new or specific data.

Training on the Device: This phase involves running the training process directly on the device itself. Depending on the device's computational capabilities, this process might be resource-intensive and could require optimizations to ensure efficient training.

Validation and Optimization: Validate the fine-tuned model's performance to ensure it meets the desired standards. Additionally, optimize the model for inference, making it efficient enough to provide quick responses on the device.

Deployment: Once the model is fine-tuned and optimized, deploy it on the device for use in inference tasks—making predictions, generating text, or performing other tasks specific to the model's purpose.

The implementation details can vary significantly based on the device's capabilities, the complexity of the model, the nature of the data, and the specific requirements of the application.


Also Read:- FINE-TUNING LARGE LANGUAGE MODELS (LLMS) IN 2024

Why the need for on-device fine-tuning?

The need for on-device fine-tuning arises from several factors:

Resource constraints: Devices like smartphones and edge devices have limited resources, such as memory and computational power, which can hinder the performance of pre-trained neural networks. On-device fine-tuning allows these models to adapt to new data efficiently, even with limited resources.

Privacy and cost savings: On-device fine-tuning can enable better privacy, lower costs, and customization ability, as well as lifelong learning. By fine-tuning models on the device, businesses can tailor AI models to their unique needs and specific objectives, reducing the time and resources required for AI development and making AI adoption more accessible and cost-effective.

Improved user experience: Fine-tuned models often offer a better user experience, generating more relevant, accurate, and context-aware outputs.This is particularly notable in applications like chatbots and customer support systems, resulting in increased customer satisfaction.

Adaptation to specific domains: Fine-tuning allows models to learn industry-specific and even company-specific jargon, technical terms, and nuances, enhancing user experience and providing more accurate and specific outputs.

Reduced bias and controversy: Fine-tuning provides better control over the model's behavior, reducing the risk of generating inaccurate or controversial outputs.

Personalized learning: On-device fine-tuning enables personalized learning experiences on devices like smartphones, allowing for a more tailored and customized experience for each user.

Benefits of on-device finetuning

The benefits of on-device fine-tuning include:

Low latency: On-device fine-tuning allows for faster response times and better performance, as the model does not need to rely on a remote server or cloud for processing.

Reduced memory footprint: Efficient on-device learning can be achieved with a small memory footprint, making it suitable for resource-constrained devices.

Privacy and cost savings: On-device fine-tuning can enable better privacy, lower costs, and customization ability, as well as lifelong learning.

Personalized learning: On-device fine-tuning enables personalized learning experiences on devices like smartphones, allowing for a more tailored and customized experience for each user.

What is MIT’s PockEngine training method?

MIT, the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab, and researchers from various institutions have collaborated to pioneer a groundbreaking technique facilitating deep-learning models to swiftly adapt to fresh sensor data directly on edge devices.

Their innovative on-device training approach, known as PockEngine, identifies specific segments within extensive machine-learning models requiring updates for enhanced accuracy.

This method optimizes computations by storing and processing only these targeted sections, primarily during model preparation—prior to runtime. This strategy minimizes computational load, expediting the fine-tuning process significantly.

In direct comparisons with alternative methodologies, PockEngine showcased remarkable acceleration in on-device training, achieving speeds up to 15 times faster on select hardware platforms. Notably, this advancement didn’t compromise model accuracy.

Furthermore, this fine-tuning technique notably elevated the proficiency of a widely used AI chatbot in delivering more precise responses to intricate queries.

The MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab, the MIT AI Hardware Program, the MIT-Amazon Science Hub, the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Qualcomm Innovation Fellowship, contributed crucially to support this research initiative.

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Author :

Ampcome CEO
Mohamed Sarfraz Nawaz
Ampcome linkedIn.svg

Mohamed Sarfraz Nawaz is the CEO and founder of Ampcome, which is at the forefront of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Development. Nawaz's passion for technology is matched by his commitment to creating solutions that drive real-world results. Under his leadership, Ampcome's team of talented engineers and developers craft innovative IT solutions that empower businesses to thrive in the ever-evolving technological landscape.Ampcome's success is a testament to Nawaz's dedication to excellence and his unwavering belief in the transformative power of technology.

Topic
AI solutions

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